Diamond Education Center | What are ‘Fancy Colored Diamonds’?

Diamonds have long been treasured for their exquisite beauty and unrivaled sparkle. Among the most captivating variants of this precious gemstone are Fancy Colored Diamonds. These remarkable gems, celebrated for their captivating hues, have carved a unique niche in the world of luxury and sophistication. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Fancy Colored Diamonds, exploring their types, and the factors influencing their colors.


What are ‘Fancy Colored Diamonds’?

“Fancy Colored Diamonds,” often simply referred to as “colored diamonds,” are a unique and mesmerizing category of diamonds that display vibrant and distinct colors beyond the traditional range of colorless or near-colorless diamonds. These diamonds derive their allure from the presence of specific chemical impurities or structural anomalies within their crystal lattice, resulting in a diverse spectrum of colors. Here are some key characteristics of fancy colored diamonds:

Fancy Colored Diamond

Vivid Hues: Unlike colorless diamonds, which are prized for their pure, transparent appearance, colored diamonds showcase a wide range of hues, including but not limited to shades of yellow, brown, blue, pink, green, red, and orange.


Diverse Types: Colored diamonds are classified into various types based on their primary color. Some of the most common types include yellow and brown diamonds, blue diamonds, pink diamonds, green diamonds, red diamonds, and orange diamonds. Each type exhibits its unique charm and rarity.


Intensity and Saturation: The beauty and value of colored diamonds are influenced by the intensity and saturation of their color. The more vivid and pure the color, the more valuable the diamond. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) uses a grading scale to assess the intensity of color, ranging from “Faint” to “Fancy Vivid.”


Rarity: Fancy Colored Diamonds are relatively rare compared to their colorless counterparts. Some colors, such as red and green, are exceptionally rare and command exceptionally high prices in the market.


Natural and Treated: While many colored diamonds owe their hues to natural processes, some may undergo treatments to enhance or alter their color. It’s crucial for consumers and collectors to be aware of any treatments and ensure proper disclosure when purchasing colored diamonds.


Celebrated Examples: Several famous colored diamonds have gained worldwide recognition. Notable examples include the Hope Diamond (blue), the Pink Star Diamond (pink), the Moussaieff Red Diamond (red), and the Tiffany Yellow Diamond (yellow).


Investment Potential: Colored diamonds, especially those of intense and rare colors, have demonstrated strong investment potential over the years. Their scarcity, uniqueness, and growing demand from collectors and investors have led to substantial price appreciation.

Types of Fancy Colored Diamonds

Colored diamonds come in a diverse array of colors, and they can be categorized into several primary types:


Yellow and Brown Diamonds: These are among the most common-colored diamonds and range from light to intense shades. The presence of nitrogen impurities in the diamond’s crystal structure gives rise to these colors.


Blue Diamonds: Blue diamonds are characterized by a cool and tranquil hue. The element boron is responsible for the blue coloration. The Hope Diamond is a renowned example of a blue diamond.


Pink Diamonds: Pink diamonds exude a delicate and captivating charm. Their exact coloration remains a subject of mystery, but it is attributed to extreme pressure during the diamond’s formation. Pink diamonds from the Argyle mine in Australia are particularly prized.


Green Diamonds: Green diamonds are rare and coveted for their striking verdant tones. Natural radiation exposure is believed to be the cause of their green color.


Red Diamonds: Among the rarest of all colored diamonds, red diamonds are exceptionally precious. They derive their color from structural anomalies within the diamond’s crystal lattice.


Orange Diamonds: These diamonds showcase lively and warm orange hues. Their coloring is attributed to a combination of nitrogen and specific defects in the crystal structure.

Orange Diamonds

Fun Facts About Fancy Color Diamonds

  • The Cullinan Dream, a 24.18-carat blue diamond, was sold for over $25 million at auction in 2016.


  • The Moussaieff Red Diamond, a 5.11-carat red diamond, is one of the world’s most valuable gemstones.


  • The Tiffany Yellow Diamond, weighing 128.54 carats, is one of the largest yellow diamonds ever discovered.


How Do Fancy Color Diamonds Get Their Color?

Fancy Color Diamonds derive their captivating hues from various factors, including the presence of specific chemical elements or structural anomalies within the diamond’s crystal lattice. Here’s how different colored diamonds get their colors:


Yellow and Brown Diamonds: The most common colored diamonds, yellow and brown diamonds, owe their colors to the presence of nitrogen impurities within the diamond’s carbon structure. The nitrogen atoms absorb blue light, allowing the diamond to appear yellow or brown.


Blue Diamonds: Blue diamonds are exceptionally rare and acquire their stunning blue color from the presence of boron impurities. Boron atoms within the diamond’s crystal lattice absorb red, yellow, and green light, causing the diamond to emit a cool and serene blue hue.


Pink Diamonds: The exact cause of pink diamonds’ color remains a scientific mystery, but it is believed to result from extreme pressure during their formation. This pressure alters the diamond’s crystal structure, affecting the way it interacts with light and producing delicate pink hues.


Green Diamonds: Green diamonds are the result of natural radiation exposure over millions of years. This exposure causes defects in the diamond’s crystal structure, leading to the absorption of light in the blue and yellow parts of the spectrum, resulting in a green coloration.


Red Diamonds: Red diamonds are the rarest of all colored diamonds and are exceptionally valuable. Their red color is thought to be caused by structural anomalies or distortions within the diamond’s lattice. These distortions absorb green light, leaving behind the vibrant red color.


Orange Diamonds: Orange diamonds derive their color from a combination of nitrogen impurities and structural anomalies similar to those found in red diamonds. The interaction of these factors results in the warm and lively orange hues.


Purple, Violet, and Gray Diamonds: These diamonds may contain a combination of hydrogen, nitrogen, and other impurities. The presence of these elements affects how the diamond interacts with light, leading to purple, violet, or gray colorations.


Black Diamonds: Black diamonds, often called “carbonado,” are unique in that they are not truly black but are composed of numerous black, gray, or dark inclusions. Their opaque appearance results from these inclusions scattering and absorbing light.


Multi-Colored Diamonds: Some rare diamonds exhibit multiple colors, often in the form of color zones or patterns. These unique gems are highly prized for their complexity and beauty.


Fancy Colored Diamonds are an enchanting subset of gemstones that captivate with their stunning hues and rarity. From their diverse types to the factors influencing their colors and their intriguing grading system, colored diamonds continue to be coveted by collectors, investors, and admirers of fine jewelry. While they can be valuable investments, due diligence and a deep understanding of the market are essential for those considering entering the world of colored diamond investments.

GIA 4Cs Color D-to-Z

In the world of diamonds, every nuance matters. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) recognizes this and has established a comprehensive grading system, known as the 4Cs, to assess a diamond’s quality. Among the 4Cs, “Color” plays a crucial role in determining a diamond’s rarity, beauty, and value. This article offers an in-depth exploration of what diamond color is and what it means, as well as a detailed examination of the GIA Diamond Color Grade Chart and valuable buying tips.


The Importance of GIA

The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) is indeed entrusted with the responsibility of grading and certifying some of the most important and valuable diamonds in the world. Its reputation for accuracy, consistency, and impartiality has made it the preferred choice for evaluating and documenting the quality of these exceptional gemstones. Here’s why GIA is the go-to institution for grading important diamonds:


Rigorous Grading Standards: GIA is known for its rigorous and standardized grading criteria. Its expert gemologists use strict guidelines to evaluate diamonds, ensuring that each stone is assessed consistently, regardless of its size or value. This consistency is crucial when dealing with significant and valuable diamonds.


Unbiased Assessment: GIA is an independent organization with no commercial interests in the diamonds it evaluates. This impartiality is essential for accurately assessing the quality of high-value diamonds and providing unbiased certification.


Global Recognition: GIA’s diamond grading reports are globally recognized and respected. This recognition is especially important for diamonds that are bought, sold, and traded on the international market. GIA certification adds credibility and trust to these transactions.


State-of-the-Art Equipment: GIA employs advanced gemological equipment and techniques to assess diamonds. This includes specialized tools for examining diamond characteristics like cut, clarity, color, and carat weight. High-value diamonds benefit from the precision and accuracy of these assessments.


Protection against Fraud: GIA’s rigorous testing procedures, which include checking for synthetic or treated diamonds, protect buyers and sellers from fraud and ensure the authenticity of valuable diamonds.


Historical Significance: Many famous and historic diamonds have been graded and certified by GIA. These diamonds, such as the Hope Diamond and the Blue Moon Diamond, are essential parts of the gemological and cultural heritage.


Educational and Research Contributions: GIA’s commitment to education and research benefits the entire diamond industry, including the assessment of important diamonds. Their research advances our understanding of gemology and helps improve the standards and practices in the industry.


Confidence for Buyers and Sellers: When it comes to significant diamonds, the stakes are high. GIA’s certification provides confidence to both buyers and sellers by offering an expert, impartial assessment of a diamond’s quality.


What Diamond Color Is and What It Means

Diamond color refers to the presence or absence of color in a diamond, with the most prized diamonds being completely colorless. The GIA color scale ranges from “D” (colorless) to “Z” (light yellow or brown), with each grade representing a subtle shift in hue. Understanding this scale is vital when evaluating a diamond’s quality:

Diamond Color

Colorless (D to F): Diamonds in this range are exceptionally rare and valuable. They are completely devoid of any discernible color, appearing icy white. These diamonds allow the most light to pass through, resulting in extraordinary brilliance.


Near Colorless (G to J): These diamonds contain minute traces of color that are typically difficult to detect with the naked eye. GIA grades within this range denote slight color warmth, but they remain highly desirable and are more budget-friendly than colorless diamonds.


Faint (K to M): Diamonds in this range exhibit a noticeable, yet faint, yellow or brown tint. While they are more affordable, their color becomes increasingly visible, especially in larger stones.


Very Light (N to R): Diamonds in this range have a more pronounced color, which can be seen even without magnification. They are less popular for engagement rings but can be suitable for jewelry styles that complement the color.


Light (S to Z): The diamonds in this category exhibit a significant presence of color, ranging from light yellow to light brown. While they are the most budget-friendly, their color is quite apparent and may not be preferred for traditional diamond jewelry.


Diamond Color Grade Chart

The GIA Diamond Color Grade Chart assigns a letter grade to diamonds based on their color. This chart serves as a universal standard for assessing and communicating a diamond’s color quality. Here’s a brief overview of the GIA color grades:

  • D: Exceptionally rare and valuable, D-grade diamonds are completely colorless. They appear icy white and are highly sought after for their unparalleled brilliance.


  • E: E-grade diamonds are also considered colorless and are nearly indistinguishable from D-grade diamonds. They represent an exceptional level of quality.


  • F: F-grade diamonds are virtually colorless and offer excellent value. Any color present is extremely subtle and challenging to discern.


  • G-H: Diamonds in the G-H range are considered “near colorless.” They may display a trace of warmth when compared to higher-grade diamonds but still appear almost colorless to the naked eye.


  • I-J: These diamonds fall within the “near colorless” category and are an excellent balance of quality and affordability. They may exhibit a slightly detectable color, primarily when compared to higher-grade diamonds.


  • K-M: In the “faint” category, K-M-grade diamonds exhibit a noticeable but faint yellow or brown tint. They offer a cost-effective choice for those seeking larger diamonds.


  • N-R: Diamonds graded N-R have a more apparent color presence, making them suitable for jewelry styles that embrace their warm hues.


  • S-Z: Falling into the “light” category, S-Z-grade diamonds have a significant color presence, with colors ranging from light yellow to light brown. These diamonds are typically more budget-friendly.


Buying Tips

When purchasing a diamond, it’s essential to consider the following tips regarding color:

Diamond Buying Tips

Understand Your Preferences: Consider your personal preference for diamond color. Some individuals prefer the brilliance of colorless diamonds, while others may appreciate the warmth and character of diamonds with faint color.


Balance with Other 4Cs: Remember that diamond color is just one of the 4Cs. Balance it with considerations of cut, clarity, and carat weight to find the perfect diamond within your budget.


Certification Matters: Always opt for diamonds with GIA certification. GIA’s strict grading standards ensure accuracy and transparency in diamond color assessment.


Consider Metal Choice: The metal used in your jewelry setting can impact how a diamond’s color appears. White metals like platinum or white gold can enhance the appearance of colorless diamonds, while yellow gold or rose gold may complement warmer-colored diamonds.


View in Different Lighting: Assess the diamond’s color in various lighting conditions to see how it performs in everyday settings.



The GIA’s 4Cs, with a particular focus on diamond color from D to Z, offer a comprehensive framework for evaluating and purchasing diamonds. Understanding the nuances of diamond color, consulting the GIA Diamond Color Grade Chart, and considering your personal preferences are essential steps toward selecting the perfect diamond that aligns with your budget and desired aesthetics. Ultimately, whether you choose a colorless masterpiece or a diamond with a touch of warmth, each diamond possesses its unique charm and beauty.…

Diamond Education Center | Material Properties of Diamond

Diamonds have fascinated humanity for centuries with their unparalleled beauty, rarity, and mystique. These precious gemstones hold a special place in our hearts, symbolizing love, luxury, and enduring commitment. To truly appreciate and understand the world of diamonds, one must embark on a journey of education and exploration. Enter the Diamond Education Center, a beacon of knowledge and enlightenment for all those curious about the mesmerizing world of diamonds. In this article, we delve deep into the fascinating realm of diamond education, focusing on material properties, formation processes, and geological settings.


Material Properties of Diamonds

Diamonds are renowned for their exceptional material properties, making them the hardest natural substance known to mankind. The key properties that set diamonds apart are:

Material Properties of Diamonds

Hardness: Diamonds are famously known for their extraordinary hardness. In fact, they are the hardest naturally occurring substance on Earth. This remarkable property is attributed to the strong covalent bonds that hold the carbon atoms in a diamond’s crystal lattice together. As a result, diamonds are highly resistant to scratching, abrasion, and wear. This hardness is often quantified using the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, where diamonds are assigned a perfect score of 10.


Transparency: Diamonds exhibit exceptional transparency, allowing light to pass through with little obstruction. This transparency is due to the lack of impurities and defects in their crystal structure. When properly cut and polished, diamonds can maximize their transparency, enabling the passage of light and creating the stunning brilliance and sparkle that we associate with them.


Dispersion: Diamond’s ability to disperse light into its spectral colors is another captivating property. This dispersion is responsible for the “fire” effect seen in diamonds, where flashes of colored light dance within the gemstone. The high refractive index of diamonds causes light to bend and separate into its constituent colors, creating a dazzling play of colors.


Luster: Diamonds possess a mesmerizing luster that adds to their overall beauty. Their ability to reflect and refract light creates an unparalleled shine, often described as a “diamond’s sparkle.” This luster is a product of the high refractive index and well-executed cutting and polishing techniques.


Durability: Beyond their hardness, diamonds are incredibly durable. They can withstand extreme conditions, including high temperatures and pressure. This durability makes them suitable for various applications beyond jewelry, such as industrial cutting, drilling, and grinding.


Thermal Conductivity: Diamonds have exceptional thermal conductivity. They are excellent conductors of heat, meaning they can quickly dissipate heat away from their surface. This property makes them valuable for use in certain industrial applications, such as heat sinks in electronics.


Chemical Stability: Diamonds are chemically inert and do not readily react with most chemicals or acids, adding to their stability and longevity.


Weight and Density: Diamonds are relatively dense gemstones, and their weight is typically measured in carats. A carat is equivalent to 0.2 grams. The high density of diamonds contributes to their substantial feel when worn as jewelry.


How Diamonds Are Formed

The formation of diamonds is a remarkable geological process that occurs deep within the Earth’s mantle, approximately 90 to 120 miles below the surface. This process can be summarized in the following steps:

How Diamonds Are Formed

Carbon Source: Diamonds are primarily composed of carbon atoms. The carbon needed for diamond formation can originate from various sources, including organic material buried deep within the Earth or carbon-rich minerals.


High Pressure and Temperature: The critical factor in diamond formation is the combination of extreme pressure and temperature found in the Earth’s mantle. These conditions, often exceeding 725,000 pounds per square inch (50,000 atmospheres) and 2,200 to 2,600 degrees Fahrenheit (1,200 to 1,400 degrees Celsius), cause carbon atoms to bond together in the unique crystal lattice structure that defines a diamond.


Volcanic Activity: Diamonds are brought closer to the Earth’s surface through volcanic eruptions in structures known as kimberlite pipes or lamproite pipes. These eruptions are rare and are responsible for transporting diamonds from the mantle to the crust.


The Geological Setting of Diamond Formation

Diamonds are typically formed in two distinct geological settings:



Diamond Formation: Cratons are the primary geological setting for diamond formation. The conditions necessary for diamond formation, namely extreme pressure and temperature, are typically found deep within cratonic regions. The thick lithospheric mantle beneath cratons provides the required depth for the process.


Definition: Cratons are the stable, ancient cores of continents. They are typically composed of thick, older continental crust and underlying lithospheric mantle. Cratons have been relatively undisturbed by tectonic activity for billions of years.


Notable Cratons: The African continent, including countries like Botswana, South Africa, and Angola, is renowned for its rich diamond deposits found within cratons. Additionally, the Canadian Shield is another significant cratonic region known for its diamond mines, such as Diavik and Ekati.


Oceanic Lithosphere:

Definition: The oceanic lithosphere is the Earth’s outermost layer that underlies the ocean basins. It consists of oceanic crust and the uppermost portion of the mantle beneath it.



The Diamond Education Center serves as a gateway to the captivating world of diamonds. Through its comprehensive educational programs and resources, individuals can gain a profound understanding of material properties, formation processes, and geological settings in the creation of these exquisite gems. As we continue to uncover the secrets of diamonds, their allure and fascination only grow, making them an enduring symbol of beauty, rarity, and enduring love.…

A Kaleidoscope of Brilliance: The World of Fancy Colored Diamonds

G’day! Having spent over a decade working deep in the Australian pink diamond mines, I’ve been privileged to witness firsthand the mesmerizing allure of fancy colored diamonds. From the clandestine whispers of Mother Earth’s artistic palette, these gems emerge, each carrying a story of eons, pressure, and unique geographical alchemy. If you, like me, are drawn to the allure of these stones, then welcome! I’m excited to unveil a new website dedicated to the aficionados of fancy colored diamonds, offering insights, reviews, and a platform to appreciate these wonders.

Why So Colorful, Diamond?

At the core, diamonds are carbon. However, it’s the special guests – trace elements, radiation, or structural anomalies – that join the carbon party and give diamonds their captivating colors.

1. Pink Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: The exact cause of the hue remains a topic of debate even among experts. Some theories suggest that intense pressure and heat during formation cause changes in the diamond’s crystal lattice, refracting light in a manner that results in the pinkish tone.
  • Mine’s Personal Touch: Australia’s Argyle Mine is the foremost producer of these delicate beauties. Having worked there, I’ve seen nature’s painting in shades of blush, rose, and even deep raspberry.

2. Blue Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: Presence of boron. When boron particles are trapped in the diamond’s matrix, they absorb red, yellow, and green light, reflecting a blue hue.
  • Famous Gems: The Hope Diamond and the Blue Moon diamond.

3. Yellow Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: Nitrogen is the party-crasher here. When it replaces carbon atoms, the diamond absorbs blue light, which makes the stone appear yellow.
  • Shades: Can range from pale, lemon-like hues to rich canary yellows.

4. Green Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: Natural radiation over the years. If a diamond lies near a radioactive rock, it can cause green coloration on the outer layers.
  • Unique Characteristic: Often, the green is only skin deep. Once cut and polished, many green diamonds lose their verdant hue.

5. Red & Brown Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: Structural anomalies in the diamond lattice lead to the absorption of green light, resulting in a red or brown appearance.
  • Personal Anecdote: True red diamonds are rarer than a water source in the Outback. Brown diamonds, however, are more common and are gaining popularity, especially with names like “chocolate diamonds.”

6. Purple & Violet Diamonds:

  • Color Origins: High hydrogen levels or defects in the diamond’s structure can result in a purple or violet hue.
  • Mine’s Personal Touch: Some of the most enchanting violet diamonds have been unearthed from the very mines I’ve worked in!

Reviewing Fancy Colored Diamonds:

Assessing fancy colored diamonds isn’t just about the 4 C’s (Cut, Carat, Clarity, and Color) used for their colorless counterparts.

Intensity Matters: The diamond’s color strength, from Faint to Fancy Deep, is paramount. A deep, vivid color usually fetches a higher premium.

Tone & Hue: This describes the diamond’s primary and secondary colors. A pure color is more valuable, but mixed hues, like a greenish-blue or orangy-pink, can be equally mesmerizing.

Distribution: How uniformly is the color spread? Is it blotchy or consistent?

Natural vs. Treated: Always ask if the diamond’s color is natural or a result of treatments. Natural colored diamonds generally command a higher value.

The New Digital Portal for Colored Diamond Lovers:

Having been immersed in the world of these radiant gems, I’m thrilled to introduce our new website dedicated to fancy colored diamonds. Not only will it offer you insights and a place to marvel at their beauty, but also an avenue to access expert reviews, interactive forums, and a gallery showcasing some of the rarest diamonds from around the world.


Fancy colored diamonds are like the world’s diverse tapestry, each color narrating a tale of earth’s wonders. As you delve deeper into their world, remember, it’s not just about the sparkle or hue; it’s about the story, the rarity, and the natural artistry that spans millions of years. Whether you’re a collector, an enthusiast, or someone just beginning their colorful journey, our new platform awaits your curious eyes. Dive in and let the colors enchant you!…